Vaccines are essential to protecting your dog's health from serious illness, however, there is a small chance your pooch could have an allergic reaction to their vaccine. In this post, our Central Illinois vets discuss why vaccines are important for your dog and what you should do if your pup has a reaction to one.
Should I vaccinate My Pet?
Vaccines are an important part of protecting your pet from a number of contagious - and often serious - diseases that threaten your dog's long-term health.
As with any veterinary procedure, there is always a slight risk. In rare circumstances, a dog can have a negative reaction to a vaccination. However, the benefits of protecting your pet from serious illness far outweigh the small chance that they will experience a vaccine reaction.
In many states, certain vaccinations (such as the rabies vaccine) are also required by law.
Dog Vaccination Side Effects
The majority of the side effects dogs get from vaccines are short in duration and generally mild making them far less dangerous than the illnesses the vaccinations protect them from.
Along with the side effects listed below, it is also normal for a puppy to yelp or cry after being vaccinated. Going to the vet can be a scary new situation and your dog will feel a tiny pinprick from the shot. Be sure to give them lots of love and treats before and after the vaccination so as to help create a positive association with visiting the vet office.
Below are some common side effects of vaccines in dogs.
Lethargy & Slight Fever
- It is normal for your pup to be lethargic after getting their shots. In fact, lethargy accompanied by a slight fever is the most common side effect dogs get from vaccines. Lethargy is characterized by your dog acting tired and a little out of sorts. This is normal and the symptoms should fade after a day or two. If your dog isn't acting like themselves after a couple of days you should follow up with your vet.
- Lumps and bumps are common side effects in dogs. Sometimes a small, firm bump will develop at the spot where the needle pierced the skin. This is a normal response however pet owners should monitor the area to make sure that the lump doesn't get bigger or display signs of inflammation, oozing, or infection. The lump shouldn't be painful and should gradually disappear in about a week. If the lump shows signs of infection or hasn't gone away after a week has passed, contact your veterinarian.
Sneezing & Cold Like Symptoms
- While most of the vaccines recommended for dogs are administered by injection some are given by drops or sprays into the animal's eyes or nose. Side effects to intranasal vaccines look a lot like a cold and include symptoms such as a runny nose, coughing, and sneezing. Your dog should recover from these symptoms in a day or two. If your pet doesn't get better within a couple of days or starts showing more severe symptoms, contact your vet.
Serious Vaccine Reactions in Dogs
Most reactions associated with pet vaccination are mild, but in a few cases, emergency veterinary care is required.
Signs of serious reaction to vaccines can appear in your dog up to 48 hours following the vaccination. If you notice any of the below symptoms, seek emergency care right away:
- Facial swelling
- Breathing difficulties
- Having trouble walking
Anaphylaxis is the most severe allergic reaction that pets can get from vaccinations. Anaphylaxis will typically occur in dogs very soon after the vaccination has been given, but it's important to remember that anaphylaxis can appear up to 48 hours after the vaccine.
How can I prevent my pet from having a reaction to getting their shots?
Vaccines are an important part of protecting your dog's overall health. The risk of your pet having a serious reaction to a vaccine is very low.
If your dog has had a reaction to vaccines in the past, be sure to let your vet know. Your veterinarian might recommend skipping a specific vaccination in the future.
In smaller dogs, the risk of having a reaction to vaccines is increased when multiple vaccinations are given at once. If your pup is a small or miniature breed dog, your vet might suggest getting your puppy's shots done over the course of several days rather than all at the same time.