Have you been noticing your dog panting hard, but they haven't been doing anything physical? In this blog, our Central Illinois vets share some potential reasons why your dog may be panting excessively and when you should bring them to the vet.
Panting in Dogs
To recognize abnormal breathing and painting in your dog, you need to know your dog's healthy respiratory rate. On average a healthy dog will take between 15 to 35 breaths per minute when they are resting. (By nature your dog will breathe more heavily and pant when exercising). Therefore, anything more than 40 breaths a minute when your dog is at rest is considered to be not normal and should be looked into.
Although, it's essential to know that panting doesn't always point to an issue and that it's your dog's way of cooling themselves down. Dogs regulate their body temperature by letting heat and water evaporate from their mouth tongue and upper respiratory tract.
Dogs aren't able to sweat to cool themselves off, instead, they have to breathe faster to let air circulate in their bodies. Panting helps your dog get their body temperature back to normal.
Signs of Excessive Panting in Dogs
To tell if your dog is panting heavily, count your dog’s breaths for a minute while they are resting or sleeping. Anything under 30 breaths per minute is considered normal, anything above 35 may be a cause for concern and is worth contacting your vet over. Your vet will have a good understanding of your dog's normal respiratory rate from previous examinations.
Causes of Heavy Panting in Dogs
Brachycephalic dog breeds, such as Boston terriers, boxers, and pugs face a higher risk of developing breathing issues and should always be closely monitored by pet owners for signs of increased respiratory effort.
Short-nosed breeds aren't the only ones that can run into difficulties breathing normally. No matter which breed your dog is, heavy panting or fast breathing could be a sign that your dog is suffering from an illness or injury that requires urgent veterinary care. A few potential causes of fast or heavy breathing in dogs include:
- Smoke Inhalation
- Kennel Cough
- Stiffening of Airways
- Windpipe Issues
- Pressure on Wind Pipe
- Fungal Respiratory Infection
- Bacterial Respiratory Infection
- Lung Diseases such as cancer
- Laryngeal Paralysis
- Breed Characteristics
- Heat Stroke
- Compressed Lungs
- Collapsing Windpipe
When a Vet is Needed For Your Dog's Panting
If you see your dog excessively panting when they are resting, or breathing heavily when they are sleeping, they may be experiencing respiratory distress. If you see your dog exhibiting any of the following signs the first thing you should do is call your vet immediately, they will inform you of the steps you should take until you reach the animal hospital.
- Heavy, fast breathing that’s louder or different sounding than normal panting
- Their panting starts suddenly
- Open-mouthed breathing while at rest
- Reluctance to drink, eat or move
- Pale, blue-tinged, or brick red gums
- Out of character drooling
- Noticeably labored breathing (engaging stomach muscles to help breathe)
Diagnosing The Cause of Your Dog's Excessive Panting
Your vet will conduct a complete physical examination of your dog to determine the cause of your dog's excessive panting such as a problem in the heart, circulatory system, lungs, airway, neck, head, or another area. \
Your vet will need to know about any previous medical issues that your dog has experienced and may recommend diagnostic tests such as X-rays to check the heart, lungs, and abdomen for issues such as lung tumors or broken ribs.
The veterinarian will also watch your dog for any signs of anxiety, stress, or other psychological factors that could be causing the fast breathing.
Treating Excessive Panting in Dogs
The treatments used for your dog's excessive panting will be determined by the underlying cause of the issue. Your vet might prescribe pain relief, intravenous fluids, or other medications to help restore your dog to good health.
If your dog's heavy breathing is the result of anxiety or stress, your vet may recommend special training with a certified dog behaviorist.
Rest and oxygen therapy will likely be needed to start your dog along the road to healing. While most dogs will be well enough to be treated at home, in some severe cases hospitalization may be required to monitor the dog's breathing, and to treat the underlying health condition.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.